Sound effects serve several different purposes in both audio and film production.
In audio production we mostly incorporate sound effects to make our audio more appealing or simply help us in conveying our message.
In film, sound effects are also important in ensuring that the motion picture narrative is communicated with precision to the viewer.
Of course my explanations are pretty brief but it is easy for you to determine that sound effects are important in film and audio applications.
Most people looking for sound effects are forced to craft their own when they’re unable to find what their looking for in DAWs and sound kits.
This then brings about the question of how can one go about recording sound effects.
I’ve written this specific article to address this and provide you information of how you can record high quality sound effects.
With that said let’s get into how you can go about recording high quality sound effects.
Pre-Conditions for recording Sound effects
Use a hand held recorder or omni-directional microphone
To record good sound effects you need a device that can easily capture audio signals.
You also need one that does this without compromising quality.
A good hand held recorder is great for capturing audio signals like for example nature sounds. All you have to do is place it in the right spot to have it capture what you’re looking to capture.
So, if you’re looking to capture sound effects outdoors you might want to stick to a handheld recorder.
However, when it comes to recording sound effects in more controlled spaces, you might want to use a good omnidirectional microphone that can capture sound in a more stereo way.
Therefore, deciding to whether to use a microphone or hand held recorder should be something you decide based on the sound effects you want to capture.
Find a good location
If you’re recording sound effects out doors then you might want to scout for a good location possibly away from things that may interfere in the recording process itself.
For example, if you’re looking to capture the sound of a river flowing, you might want to scout for a good location…possibly a place that is less populated and has a good source for material that you can record.
If you’re looking to record sound effects that are more the indoor type, then you can settle for a good microphone.
Recording while monitoring
One thing that will make it easy for you to record high quality sound effects is ensuring that your recordings are good.
what this means mostly is monitoring as you record which is why you need to get yourself a good pair of headphones that can help you figure out how good of a recording you’re capturing.
Using headphones to monitor what you’re capturing is also essential in making sure that your microphone or handheld recorder placement are good enough.
Therefore, ensure that you get yourself some good closed back headphones with a flat frequency response.
Try various recording devices
This is another important factor to take into account.
There are various handheld devices out there and there are various microphones out there.
Your job is looking for the best one that can help you record high quality sound effects.
If you can afford to get more than one microphone or borrow one then do so. If you can afford to get more than one handheld recorder then do so.
The more recording devices you can experiment with, the better.
You’ll be better equipped to record Once you’ve tried out a lot of gear and taken time to examine the capture quality and output of these devices.
Go to different locations
Just like I’ve discussed the importance of trying out different gear for recording. I also have to stress the point of finding the right location for the sound effects you need to record.
You might want to scout a number of different locations if you’re looking for outdoor sound effects like nature sounds.
Try and record in each of these different locations and get as much content to work with as possible.
You never know when you might have struck gold.
If you’re doing indoor sound effects try out different things.
For example if you want to record the sound effect of a door slamming. Try recording different doors slamming and mess around with the angling of your pick up device so you get a number of different variations which gives you more options to work with.
How to record high quality sound effects outdoors
Now that we’ve pretty much exhausted the conditions necessarily for you to record high quality sound effects let’s get into recording outdoor effects.
1. Go to your location
By now you should have chosen a location after scouting for one and carrying out a few tests.
Make sure to check the weather and make sure all your gear is charged so that when you get to the location all you have to do is get to work.
More often than not people go to places without making sure their gear is ready to use. Please avoid this.
2. Set up your handheld recorder
The next you want to do is get your handheld recorder all set up. This also includes going through the operating manual of the handheld device so you can optimally use it.
The last thing you want to do is get bad results because you skipped a detail or forgot to do something important on the handheld.
So take time to set up your device and ensure that its ready to go.
3. Source scouting
The next thing you should do is look for good places where you can place your handheld recorder to record.
If say, you’re recording nature sound effects like a river flowing… you should look for good spots where you can place your device for recording.
Once you find those spots you can move on to the next point.
4. Record 2 minutes of the sound effect at different sources
You need to test the sound sources so you should place your recorder in each spot and let it record for 2 minutes so you get recorded data from each source.
5. Mark down recordings
Make sure that you mark all your recordings and mark the spots in accordance with the recordings.
This will be helpful in the later stages to come.
6. Analyze your audio in a DAW
Once you’ve marked the audio from each source you can then import these recordings into your DAW so you can analyze them.
Play each recording and spot the differences that make each unique.
After playing these recordings you can choose the best based on your own criteria of the sound effects you’re looking for.
For most people it’s usually detail. For you it may be something else so take time to understand what you’re looking for.
7. Pick the best recording
After playing the different recordings, it’s now time to pick the best of them all.
Once you pick the that recording,
Proceed to the next step.
8. Go back to the location to record
You should then go to the location where you recorded the recording you picked in step 7.
After doing so.
Place the handheld recorder in that spot and just let it record uninterrupted for a longer time so you can have more material to work with.
9. Edit in DAW
Once the recording is done it’s now time to get your recording and edit in your DAW.
Apply the effects you need and export your finished sound effects.
10. Play result on different systems
Once you’ve exported the sound effects it’s time to play the result on different systems so you can gauge your editing and understand your recorded data better.
How to record high quality sound effects indoors
Let’s get into how you can go about recording sound effects in doors.
1. Find the source of your effect
Recording effects indoors may mean dealing with sound sources like indoor sounds like a door slam, lighter flick and many other things.
So what you essentially need to do is find the source of your material and get ready to record.
2. Use an omni-directional microphone to record
The best microphone for recording high quality sound effects is an omnidirectional microphone with a low noise to signal ratio and a flat frequency response.
So make sure you get a microphone with these attributes.
3. Record different variations with different positions
If you’re for example recording a door slamming try placing your microphone at different positions or angles and record at each point.
4. Mark each recording with position info
While recording at different positions you want to make sure that you find a way to mark each position because you’re going to need this information later.
5. Assess recorded data in your DAW
After you record your various audio clips you can then start to assess them in your DAW.
What you’re looking for is the perfect place to record from so it’s very important that you take your time in making sure that you assess the recorded effects properly.
6. Pick the best recording and record more
After assessing your recorded sound effects go on and pick the best recording.
You essentially need to do this because you’ll need to record In the same position that you recorded the recording you choose as the best.
7. Edit and export
Once you record it’s now time to edit your recording and export it so you can use it however you want to use it.
Recording high quality sound effects is all about choosing the right sound source, using the right tools and experimenting as much as possible.